More than 64% of the adult women in the United States are overweight or obese, and these patients pose special challenges for surgeons. New research examining outcomes and complication rates, particularly in the emerging field of robotic surgery, will allow better management of these patients, and ObGyn.net will be paying special attention to this research at AAGL 2012 in Las Vegas.
Obesity does not impact perioperative outcomes in women undergoing robotic hysterectomy, according to a recent study.
Proper weight management during pregnancy is beneficial to both the mother and the fetus. Overweight women are at an increased risk for gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, preterm birth and intrauterine death.
The Role of Practical Lifestyle Changes
PCOS is a metabolic disorder that affects 5 – 7.5% of all women. It is the number one cause of infertility and if left untreated, can increase risk of endometrial cancer. In addition, women with PCOS are at a greater risk for heart disease and diabetes.
To get enough calcium for growing bones, each day you need to eat foods whose %Daily Value for calcium adds up to 120 percent. Because the amount of calcium in foods can vary, read the food label check the %DV for calcium in what you eat.
In 1935 Drs Stein and Leventhal described 7 women with irregular periods (oligomenorrhea), increased body hair (hirsutism) and obesity, who at the time of surgery were found to have enlarged ovaries with a smooth "pearly white" appearance.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by anovulation (irregular or absent menstrual periods) and hyperandrogenism (elevated serum testosterone and androstenedione). Patients with this syndrome may complain of abnormal bleeding, infertility, obesity, excess hair growth, hair loss and acne.
Stein and Leventhal were the first to recognize an association between the presence of polycystic ovaries and signs of hirsutism, amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea and obesity. Subsequently, it was reported that after successful wedge resection of the ovaries in women diagnosed with Stein-Leventhal syndrome, menstrual cycles became regular and these patients were able to conceive.
New research shows that the SIRT3 gene may contribute to obesity as well as a variety of chronic diseases including diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. The study was published in the August 18th issue of Molecular Cell.